The MLA citation format was developed by the Modern Language Association (MLA), as the standardized editorial style used in writing research papers to cite sources and references. MLA encyclopedia citations are particularly used for citing encyclopedias and articles taken from encyclopedias, both print and online, and just as any other type of reference they require proper MLA citation formats for both in-text citations and the MLA works cited page.
Below is a list of common MLA encyclopedia citation examples:
“Abortion.” Encyclopedia of World Ethics. 3nd ed. 6th vol. New York: Simon Press, 2001. 78-99.
Frohberg, Ryan P. “Relativity.” The New Encyclopedia Britannica. Vol. 27. 1997. 621-648.
Merteuil, Kathryn. “Cookies.” The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America. Ed. Andrew L. Webber. Vol. 3. 2006. Print.
Smith, James. “Gandhi.” Encyclopedia of Science and Religion. Vol. 2. 2004. 399-435.
In every MLA encyclopedia citation always remember to include the full name of the article author (if available), the title of the article, the title of the encyclopedia, the edition, and the year of publication. If the particular encyclopedia is well-known, you do not need to include the publication specifics.
Likewise, for individual entries or articles taken from encyclopedias and other similar reference works, cite the reference using the MLA encyclopedia citation but exclude include the publication information. In addition, if the encyclopedia is organized alphabetically, you do not need to include the volume or the page numbers of the encyclopedia article.
All the examples of APA encyclopedia citations listed above are examples of APA citations for print sources. The style and format of APA encyclopedia citations for online encyclopedias is the same for the print version, with the addition of the following: a statement of retrieval of the article that includes the date the article was consulted, the title of the specific website, and any other information needed to retrieve the particular item. If you have consulted a website, you need to enter the complete working URL within angle brackets.