How to cite government documents using the APA citation style generally involves the inclusion of the following data:
Author of the document, date of the document’s publication, document title, place of publication, and name of the publisher.
In addition, if the issuing organization assigned a number – for example, a report or contract number – to the report, the proper way to cite a government document that include these numbers is by listing the provided number within parentheses next to the title of the document. Conversely, if the document was accessed online, the complete URL is included in the citation.
Here are some examples for an APA citation of government reports that are accessed and retrieved online:
Congressional Budget Office. (2008). Effects of gasoline prices on driving behavior and vehicle markets: A CBO study (CBO Publication No. 2883). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/88xx/doc8893/01-14-GasolinePrices.pdf
Deming, D., & Dynarski, S. (2008). The lengthening of childhood (NBER Working Paper 14124). Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved July 21, 2008, from http://www.nber.org/papers/w14124
U.S. Department of Education, Office of Innovation and Improvement. (2004). Innovations in Education: Alternative Routes to Teacher Certification (pp. 2-3). Washington, D.C.: Education Publications Center. Retrieved April 20, 2006, from http://www.ed.gov/admins/tchrqual/recruit/altroutes/report.html
For government documents that are printed, here are some APA citation examples:
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Practice guidelines for the treatment of patients with eating disorders (2nd ed.). Washington, DC.
Force, R. (2004). Admiralty and maritime law. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Citing a government document using the proper bibliographic MLA citation format generally follows the same MLA citation rules for books and newspaper or magazine articles. Typically, if the author of the government document is not provided, the citation requires you to take the government agency in replacement for the author. You can do this by first stating the name of the government, and following it by typing in the agency name.
Below are some examples for an MLA citation of government reports:
United Nations. General Assembly. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. New York: United Nations, 1979. Print.
United States. Department of Education, Office of Innovation and Improvement. Innovations in Education: Alternative Routes to Teacher Certification. Washington, D.C.: Education Publications Center, 2004. 20 Apr. 2006. <http://www.ed.gov/admins/tchrqual/recruit/altroutes/report.html>
United States. Dept. of Labor. Employment and Training Administration. Dictionary of Occupational Titles. 4th ed. Washington: GPO, 1977. Print.